Sorghum is a genus of flowering plant, stemming from Africa is now largely cultivated in tropical and subtropical geographies.
The world Sorghum production in 2019/2020 would be about 58.72 million metric tons and United States is the biggest sorghum producer in the world and producing about 7,874,000 metric tons annually. Nigeria is the second largest sorghum producer in the world which produced about 6,900,000 metric tons in 2018.
Other major sorghum producing countries include Mexico, Ethiopia, India, Sudan, China, Argentina, Brazil, Burkina, Niger, Australia, Mali, Chad, Bolivia, Tanzania and Egypt etc.
EU, Japan, South Africa, Italy, Chile and Spain are the major importers of sorghum.
There are four types of popular sorghum in the world and the types are Grain sorghum, Forage sorghum, Biomass sorghum and Sweet sorghum.
From planting to harvesting, sorghum takes about 3 to 4 months to mature and sorghum is commonly harvested in the fall. Harvest commonly begins when the moisture content of the sorghum grain is below 20 percent.
The by-products of sorghum are renewable fuels and renewable chemicals, feed-stock, dairy and poultry industries, pet food, alcoholic beverages, ethanol, syrups, butter, flour, and other products like pancakes etc.