Maize, i.e. Corn is a cereal grain with a strong geographical presence.

The United States produces 40 percent of the world’s maize harvest and other top maize producing countries include China, India, Brazil, South Africa, Ukraine, Mexico, Indonesia, France and Argentina.

United States produced 366.6 million metric tons of maize in 2018/2019 and more than 90 million acres of American land are corn-fields.

Japan, South Korea, Spain, Vietnam, Egypt, Iran, Netherlands, Italy, Colombia, Germany, Taiwan, Malaysia and Algeria are the major importers of maize.

Asian countries paid the highest for their corn imports in 2018 with purchases valued at $14.7 billion or 40.3 percent.

There are seven types of maize in the world and the maize types are Dent corn, Flint corn, Popcorn, Flour corn, Sweet corn, Pod corn and Waxy corn.

Maize believed to be originated from Mexico. Maize can take from 60 to 100 days to reach harvest and some types of maize crop can grow for periods mostly between 101 and 120 days for most.

The by-products of maize are starch, liquid glucose, dextrose monohydrate, anhydrous dextrose, sorbitol, corn gluten, oil cake, cake, oil, soap salve, paint, rust proofing for metal surfaces, inks textiles, insecticides, pharmaceutical preparations, Ethanol, syrup, liquor, sorbitol, ice cream cones and liquid glue etc.